raise / reɪz; rez/ v 1、 [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] (a) lift or move (sth) to a higher level; cause to rise 举起, 升起, 提起, 抬起（某物）: raise one's hand 举手 * He raised his eyes from his work. 他停下工作举目观看. * raise a sunken ship (up) to the surface 把沉船打捞出水面 * raise one's hat to sb, ie as a sign of respect 向某人举帽致敬. (b) move (sth/sb) to an upright position 竖起, 立起, 扶起（某物[某人]）: raise a man from his knees 把跪着的男子搀起来 * We raised the fence and fixed it in position. 我们把篱笆竖立起来并固定住. 2、[Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (to sth) increase the amount or volume or heighten the level of sth 增加某物之数量或容量; 提高某事物的水平: raise salaries, prices, profits, etc 增加薪水、 提高价格、 加大利润 * He raised his offer to 500. 他把出价提高到500英镑. * raise one's voice, ie speak more loudly 提高嗓门 * raise the temperature to 80 使温度升高到80 * raise standards of service 提高服务水平 * raise sb's hopes, ie make sb more hopeful 点燃某人的希望.3、[Tn] cause (sth) to arise or appear 引起, 激起（某事物）; 使（某事物）产生或出现: raise doubts, fears, suspicions, etc in people's minds 引起人们的怀疑、 恐惧、 猜疑等 * The horses' hooves raised a cloud of dust. 马蹄扬起了一片尘土. * raise the spirits of the dead 使死者显灵 * The dirty joke raised a blush on her cheek. 这个下流笑话羞得她脸通红. 4、[Tn] (a) cause (sth) to be heard 使（某事）尽人皆知: raise a commotion, fuss, protest, stink, etc 搞出骚乱、 纷扰、 抗议、 纠纷等 * raise the alarm/alert 发出警报 * The retort raised a cheer in support of the speaker. 发言人这一反驳博得了一片支持的欢呼声. (b) bring (sth) up for discussion or attention; put forward 将（某事物）提出讨论或引起注意: The book raises many important issues (for our consideration). 该书提出了许多重要问题（值得考虑）. * I'm glad you raised that point. 你能把那一点指出来, 我感到很高兴. 5、[Tn] bring or collect (sth) together; manage to obtain 召集或集结（某事物）; 筹措: raise an army 招募军队 * raise a loan, a subscription, etc 借款、 募捐 * raise funds for charity, eg by holding a bazaar 筹集慈善基金（如藉助於举行义卖活动） * a fund-raising event 筹款活动. 6、[Tn] (a) (esp US) bring up (a child, etc) 养育（孩子等）: I was raised by my aunt on a farm. 我是在农场由姨妈抚养大的. * It's difficult raising a family on a small income. 依靠微薄的收入是很难养家的. (b) breed (farm animals); grow or produce (crops) 饲养（家畜）; 种植或生产（作物）. Cf 参看 rear2. 7、[Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (to sb/sth) build or erect (a monument, statue, etc) 建造或树立（纪念碑、 雕像等）: raise a memorial to those killed in war 立碑纪念战争中的死难者. 8、[Tn] end (a siege, etc) 解除（包围等）: raise a blockade, a ban, an embargo 解除封锁、 禁令、 禁运. 9、[Tn] (infml 口) get in contact with (sb); find (sth) 与（某人）接触; 与（某人）建立联系; 找到（某人）: I can't raise her on the phone. 我打电话找不到她. * I've been trying to raise this spare part everywhere. 我一直在到处寻找, 想弄到这种备件. 10、[Tn] (in card-games, esp poker) bet more than (another player) （纸牌戏, 尤指扑克牌戏中）下赌注超过（对手）: I'll raise you! 我超过你（的赌注）! (idm 习语) kick up/raise a dust => dust1. lift/raise a finger/hand => lift. raise `Cain/`hell/the `roof (infml 口) be very angry; cause an uproar 大怒; 大吵大闹: He raised Cain when he found he had been cheated. 他发觉受骗而勃然大怒. raise one's `eyebrows (at sth) (esp passive 尤用於被动语态) show disdain or surprise 表示轻蔑或惊讶: Eyebrows were raised/There were many raised eyebrows when he shaved all his hair off. 他把头发剃光了, 人人见了都大吃一惊. raise one's glass (to sb) drink a toast (to sb) 向（某人）祝酒. raise sb's hackles => hackles. raise/start a hare => hare. raise a `laugh/`smile amuse people enough to make them laugh/smile 逗得人大笑[发笑]. raise/lower one's sights => sight1. raise sb's `spirits make sb feel more cheerful or brave 使某人感到振奋或受到鼓舞; 鼓起某人的勇气: My win at chess raised my spirits a little. 我赢了这盘国际象棋才打起了一点精神. raise the `temperature increase tension, hostility, etc 加剧紧张气氛、 敌对情绪等: This insult raised the temperature of the discussion. 这种侮辱的言语使讨论的气氛顿时紧张起来. raise one's voice a`gainst sb/sth speak firmly and boldly against sb/sth 坚决而勇敢地发言反对某人[某事物].> raise n (US) =rise1 3: get a raise of 200 获得加薪200英镑.-raiser (forming compound ns 用以构成复合名词) person or thing that raises (raise 5) 进行召集或筹措的人或事物: a `curtain-raiser, ie a short play before the main one * `fire-raisers, ie arsonists * a `fund-raiser.